Clinical informatics, also known as healthcare informatics, is the study and use of data and information technology to deliver health care services and to improve patients’ ability to monitor and maintain their own health. The data and clinical decision support involved in this field are developed for and used by clinicians, patients, and caregivers.
The field includes:
- Methods to collect, store, and analyze health care data
- The study of information needs and cognitive processes, and optimal ways to meet those needs
- Methods to support clinical decisions, including summarization, visualization, provision of evidence, and active decision support
- Optimizing the flow of information and coordinating it with care providers’ and patients’ workflows to maximize patient safety and care quality
- Methods and policies for information infrastructure, including privacy and security